2d Dragoons

Serving proudly since 1836

Welcome to:

The Second Cavalry Association Regimental History Center

This is a Cavalry site. Many of the stories here are told in the words of the men who experienced them. No attempt has been made to “smooth the edges” or “soften the story” for the viewing public. In the same aspect, no attempt has been made to cover up the names of the men who fought and died, nor the circumstances that brought about their final acts. It is the task of the Cavalry to take the fight to the enemy and disrupt his ability to function – a task that we perform quite well. Family members seeking information about a loved one may find more than they had hoped for.

Men who fight know that it is not the fighting man’s objective to get decorated or commended but to accomplish your mission at all costs of ignominy, oblivion, or even death….The greatest hero of all-time will always remain the “Unknown Soldier” chiefly because we know him or knew him so well. We can easily visualize his death with a machine gun still hot barreled in his lap where he slumped over for the last time. Or maybe he remains tangled in the wreckage of a plane. We have seen him a hundred times stretched out by the road always just about to do one more thing to make it safer for us. As we ride through liberated or surrendered towns or start telling our stories we may forget him because he is always so silent, so humble about his heroism into the ultimate. But in the long run we remember him a thousand times….” Excerpt from FOREVER FORWARD, the history of the 99th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop, WW II.

Site Credits

Posted by on 12:05 in From the Editor | 3 comments

Numerous sources and contributors have combined to make this site what it is. To give proper credit to all would be near impossible for my limited time and resources and would bring to a halt any further work on the site. The majority of the material used in the creation of this site is from two sources, “SECOND UNITED STATES CAVALRY – A HISTORY” and “ONE HUNDRED YEARS WITH THE SECOND CAVALRY”. SECOND UNITED STATES CAVALRY – A HISTORY The Ghosts of Patton’s Third Army Compiled, edited and published by Historical Section, Second Cavalry Association A. L. Lambert, Major, Cavalry G. B. Layton, Captain, Cavalry Illustrations by Walter Gerling, Staltach, Bavaria Printed by Munchner Graphische, Kunstanstalten Gmbh. (Bisher F. Bruckmann), Munich, Germany, 1947 This book started the whole site. My dad picked up a copy when he was with 2ACR in Germany during the early 1950’s and it has been with me my entire life. When the 2d Cavalry Association offered me the opportunity to create this website under the guidance and tutelage of Isaac Golding, then Association Adjutant, I used this book as the cornerstone. I wanted to finish the WWII era first while there were still some of the veterans around to read it, and it has proven to be a treasure trove with all the veteran and family contacts through the website over the years. ONE HUNDRED YEARS WITH THE SECOND CAVALRY By Joseph I. Lambert, Major, Second Cavalry Copyright 1939 by Commanding Officer, Second Cavalry, Fort Riley, Kansas Capper Printing Company, Inc. This book has been invaluable for filling in the first one hundred years of the 2d Cavalry’s history, and has also produced a wealth of veteran and family contacts through the website from pre-WWII when the Regiment was still horse mounted. We acknowledge and appreciate the work of these individuals and the many others who were involved in the compilation of this material. Notations will be posted on articles giving credit to the source where possible as time...

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Regimental Yearbooks

Posted by on 11:34 in Yearbooks | 7 comments

Following is a list of links to numerous yearbooks from the 2d Cavalry Regiment. TO VIEW EACH BOOK IN ITS ENTIRETY, CLICK ON THE LINKS ABOVE EACH PHOTO If you have a yearbook that is not listed that you would like to temporarily donate for scanning, or permanently donate to our 2d Cavalry Museum, please contact the WEBMASTER. 1922 – Yearbook 1936 – 100th Anniversary 1941 – Yearbook 1951 – 115th Anniversary 1952 – 116th Anniversary 1953 – 117th Anniversary [COMING SOON] 1954 – 118th Anniversary 1954 – Yearbook 1955 – 119th Anniversary 1956 – 120th Anniversary [COMING SOON] 1961 – 125th Anniversary 1962-63 – Yearbook 1964 – Yearbook 1989-91 –...

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Site Index

Posted by on 09:34 in Site Index | 0 comments

The following is a listing of all the sections contained on this site, for the most part in a time-line, and all the stories in each section, also for the most part in a time-line. You can pick a particular section to browse, or a specific story, or better yet start at the beginning and work your way up through history to the present with the oldest continuously serving mounted regiment in the US Army today. DRAGOON 1836-1861 Dragoon Tactics and Early Weapons Fort Jesup Western Expansion SEMINOLE WAR 1836-1842 Trouble in Florida The Regiment is Formed Seminole War Micanopy Welika Pond Attack on Camp Monroe Broken Terms Fort Jupiter, Kanahapa Prairie Charlottes Harbor An Honorable Dragoon Reenforcing the Regiment, December 1840 Campaign Summer 1841 Campaign Disease Ravages the Regiment Final Campaign in Florida 2D REGIMENT OF RIFLEMEN 1843-1844 Louisiana and the Dismounting of the Dragoons MEXICAN WAR 1846-1848 14 Grey and Green Streamers for the Regiment Dragoon War War with Mexico First Action Palo Alto Resaca de la Palma Resaca de la Palma Matamoras Monterey Santa Rosa Ambush Captain May’s Reconnaissance Buena Vista Vera Cruz Advance on Mexico Resumes Churubusco Molino del Rey March into Mexico City MORMON CAMPAIGN 1848-1858 Move to Texas Move to California and New Mexico First Action Against Apaches Hardee Expedition K Company Activated Colonel Harney Becomes Department Commander in Texas Colonel Boone Retires Murder and Deceit Kit Carson Move to Kansas New Cavalry Regiments Fort Riley Wyoming Campaign Trouble in Kansas Move to Utah Colonel Harney Leaves the Regiment Massacre at Mountain Meadows Devil’s Gate Canon Oregon and Nebraska Navajo Expedition CIVIL WAR 1861-1865 The Civil War 1861-1865 Bull Run – Company K Wilson’s Creek – Company C Redesignation, Reorganization, Reevaluation Fort Henry, Fort Donelson – Company C Val Verde, New Mexico – Company G The Regiment Reassembles Pittsburg Landing (Shiloh) – Company C Yorktown, Chickahominy, New Bridge, Gaines’ Mill, Seven Days, Savage Station, Malvern Hill – Companies A, B, D, E, F, K, H Recruiting South Hill, Antietam – Companies E, F, H, K Fredericksburg – Companies E, F, H, K The Stoneman Raid Beverly Ford The Surprise Middleburg Gettysburg Boonesborough, Falling Waters, Manassas Gap Brandy Station, Rappahannock Station Centerville, Culpeper, Muddy Run Winter Rest Spotsylvania, Raid to Richmond Cold Harbor Trevilian Station Merritt’s Report on Trevilian Station and Mallory’s Crossroads Feint on Richmond Move to the Army of the Shenandoah The Supply Trains March Toward Winchester Cedar Creek, Fisher’s Hill, Shepherdstown Smithfield Battle for Winchester Luray Valley Cedar Creek II INDIAN WARS 1866-1869 Frontier Duty Department of the Platte Fight on the North Platte River Starting the Bozeman Trail Valley of the Pino – The Fetterman Massacre Discovery of the Fetterman Massacre Post in Peril The Relief of Fort Phil Kearney Bridger’s Ferry Kidder Massacre Bozeman Trail Abandoned Regiment Changes Hands 1869 INDIAN WARS 1870-1875 Life in Frontier Posts Fight at Piegan Camp Five Medals of Honor Camp Stambaugh Wyoming Fight at Pryor’s Fork The Battle of Snake Mountain Winter Quarters INDIAN WARS 1876 Trouble in the Black Hills Little Powder River Rosebud River Little Big Horn Escape from Big Horn Mountains Yellowstone Campaign Rosebud River II Tongue River INDIAN WARS 1877-1883 Nez Perce Forced to Fight Camas Meadows Eagle Creek Fort Keogh, Fort Custer Powder River Sitting Bull Indian Wars...

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2d Dragoon Tribute

Posted by on 08:46 in Current | 16 comments

A tribute to the troopers of the 2d Dragoon’s, past, present, and future. This is a Windows Media File of about 30mb. It may take a few minutes to load. If you don’t have a high speed cable connection, it is recommended you save the file to your computer for play. Click here to download video: Old Soldier Many of these photos I “pilfered” from members photo albums on DRAGOON BASE. Several were sent to me by veterans of the regiment, or by their surviving relatives, and then some have just been laying around the house forever. I hope you enjoy them. To see information on each photo: Index of Old Soldier photos: click on each thumbnail to see a larger photo Depicts the ever changing 2d Dragoon trooper. Roy Franke, C Company/HQ Co, 1st Bn, 1959-61. b. 9/23/1939 – d. 5/1/2007. We miss your wit and wisdom R.A. Bruce Sorge, on his second deployment to Iraq, this time with his Texas National Guard Unit, but still sporting his Toujours Pret patch from the first tour. At last report, Bruce had put in his paperwork to go active again, and is pushing for 19D with the 2nd Cav. Gene Beck, C Trp, 1st Sqdn, 1975-79. The days of the M551 Sheridan, when the black beret helped set the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment apart from the rest of the Army. Chris Golden (left) and other members of the 2nd Cavalry Association attending the Association’s 2007 reunion. They are visiting the Virginia Museum of Military Vehicles. Major General (Ret.) Robert E. “The Dueler” Wagner, 60th Colonel of the Regiment, leads the gathering at the 2007 Association reunion in a hearty “Toujours Pret!”. Honored guests seated in front of members of the 2nd Stryker Cavalry Regiment and Honorary Regimental Piper at the Bela Nad Radbuzou memorial honoring Raymond Manz and Owen Sutton, two 2nd Cavalry troopers killed near there just days prior to the end of WW II in Europe, while on a secret mission miles behind enemy lines to rescue a large group of allied POW’s and hundreds of the finest horses in Europe from the Germans and advancing Russians. Francis McGroary (left), F Co, 42nd Reconnaissance Squadron, 2nd Cavalry Group (Mecz), and his friend “Red”, on the banks of the Moselle River, enjoying a bottle of French wine as artillery shells land on the hill behind their M8 armored car. Patrick Biddy, former 2ACR medic, at a monument in the Czech Republic from former WW I 2nd Cavalry trooper and father of the US Constabulary, Major General Ernest N. Harmon, presented by General Harmon to the city of Dysina in August 1945. Pvt. Bob Simon (left), Pfc. Howard Tucker and Pfc. Lenny Leonard, 3/2ACR 1977-78. Wendell. S. Young (right), awarded the Silver Star for gallantry while serving with B Trp, 2nd Reconnaissance Squadron, 2nd Cavalry Group, and his best friend Leroy Bertram. Leroy earned the Purple Heart and an early ticket home. Wendell has carried this picture in his wallet for over 60 years. The two were reunited for the first time since WW II at the Second Cavalry Association 2007 Reunion. Pfc. Alexander, K Trp 1990-92, on the plane home from the regiments first deployment to the Gulf. Tim Adams, K Trp, 3/2ACR, 1981-83, proudly displays his certificates earned...

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Dragoon Tactics and Early Weapons

Posted by on 11:50 in Dragoon 1836-1861 | 8 comments

Researched and Written by Wally Tomtschik Dragoons used different tactics than Cavalry. In the old history of the 2d Dragoons, very few of their number actually were killed. They were masters of using the land and could live off the land very comfortably. The horses were treated with loving care and protected from harm, being used for transportation rather than in battle, with a horse holder holding the horses out of sight, hidden in the background. The horse holder would hold 4 horses. Dismounted, the other 3 Dragoons would fan out and cautiously approach the enemy. Unlike light Cavalry, that went in with sabers clanking and the bugler blasting away, Dragoons went in very heavily armed and were masters of stealth, kind of like the “Navy Seals” of the Everglades. The Dragoons took great pride in their orange piping and hat cords, which differentiated them from Cavalry. Learning their trade from the Seminoles in Florida, the Dragoons would quietly sneak up on an enemy, many times surrounding them. They would find cover and wait. When the time was right, they would close in and “tighten the noose” in unison with massive firepower, subduing the enemy. It was not easy for a white man to sneak up on an Indian, but the Dragoons could. Being the original policemen of new territories, there was not wanton killing of innocents, but those that chose to not live peaceably were killed in battle or brought to justice. In 1836, the 2d Dragoons were issued the .54 cal. 1817 Common (Derringer) rifle, which was converted to percussion, and the .36 cal., 5 shot Colt Patterson with loading lever (the same as the Texas Rangers). The rifle was effective to over 100 yards and the Colt Patterson could quickly be reloaded in the field. This gave the Dragoon five times the firepower at close range than that of a single shot pistol. Some were issued the 1819 “Hall” breech loading carbine which was not very popular due to gas leakage. Some were also issued the Kentucky long rifle, either .38 or .50 cal. Although .50 cal. was standard for the Kentucky long rifle, the Ordnance Department ordered some in .38 cal. with a side patch box in the stock. This was an attempt to standardize ammunition, where the round ball used for the Colt Patterson pistol could be wrapped in a patch and used in the rifle. Since their lives depended on it, they were expert shots, making each round count. In 1842, some 2d Dragoons were issued test models of the new Sharps rifles. They were allowed to keep their Common rifles until they became acclimated to the new Sharps. This earliest model of Sharps contained a “box lock” mechanism like a shotgun, and not the “falling block” mechanism of the 1848, 1855, and 1859 models. The 1842 model had problems with gas leakage around the breech and misfires, and was not well accepted. In 1846-47, during the Mexican War, the 2d Dragoons were reissued the Walker Colt (again being allowed to keep their Colt Patterson’s as backup). After the Mexican War, the 2d Dragoons were given the task of subduing the Comanche raiders in the New Territories. This was not an easy task. The Comanche were also masters of stealth, the best light...

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Posted by on 12:18 in Seminole War 1836-1842 | 1 comment

From: ONE HUNDRED YEARS WITH THE SECOND CAVALRY By Joseph I. Lambert, Major, Second Cavalry Copyright 1939 Commanding Officer, Second Cavalry, Fort Riley, Kansas Capper Printing Company, Inc. Spain ceded Florida to the United States on July 17, 1821. Emigration from adjoining states began at once, but it was found by the new settlers that the most desirable land was occupied by the Seminole Indians, who were originally Creeks from Georgia. According to the census by the superintendent of Indian affairs in 1822, there were less than 5,000 of these aborigines, including 800 negro slaves. Their village consisted of log or palmetto huts surrounded by cleared fields of less than twenty acres. After much insistence by the white people, a commission was appointed to make a treaty with the Indians in 1823. Under this treaty they were specifically limited to certain areas, and placed under the patronage of the federal government. The Indians did not like the provisions of the treaty, saying they were not given enough land upon which to live decently. There was much ill feeling between them and the settlers because of the difficulty of the latter in inducing the Indians to give up runaway slaves. After much persuasion, the chiefs reluctantly signed a treaty in 1833, whereby they agreed to remove to Arkansas and live among the Creeks. Their own people repudiated this treaty and positively refused to move to the new land. The chiefs were called together again in 1835, and when five refused to agree to the treaty, they were told by the commission that their names had been stricken from the rolls as chiefs. This of course heightened the ill feeling and suspicion of the Indians. In October, 1835, one of the friendly chiefs was murdered when he attempted to flee to the troops for protection. In December the Indian Agent, General Thompson, and an officer accompanying him were murdered just outside Fort King. A detachment of one hundred men, under Major Dade, while marching from Fort King to Fort Brooke, together with eight officers, was ambushed December 28, 1835, and all of the party killed, except two men who escaped. Plantations were attacked, and much of the state was soon laid waste by the bloodthirsty Indians. Micanopy was the legitimate head of the Seminole nation but, being lazy and fat, he was more inclined to peace than many of the more active chiefs. Coacoochee was considered the most dangerous chieftain in the field because of his cunning manner of evading pursuit and his fleetness of rushing from one place to another. The most famous chief was Osceola, or Powell, a half breed born of an English father and Seminole mother. After his father and mother separated, he was reared by his mother among the Indians. By his aggressive spirit he had much influence among the chiefs and did much to persuade his people to strike the first blow. Arpeik, or Sam Jones, was chief of the Mickasukie branch of the Florida Indians. Because of his advanced age, said to be seventy, he planned war parties, accompanied them to the scene of action, and from afar witnessed their conduct, giving encouragement by incantations. War was inevitable now and the government began assembling more troops in the territory. The general object was to...

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Posted by on 12:36 in Seminole War 1836-1842 | 3 comments

From: ONE HUNDRED YEARS WITH THE SECOND CAVALRY By Joseph I. Lambert, Major, Second Cavalry Copyright 1939 Commanding Officer, Second Cavalry, Fort Riley, Kansas Capper Printing Company, Inc. Until the year 1833 our cavalry had an uncertain existence, the troops being raised for emergencies and disbanded when their services were no longer necessary. After the Revolutionary War, the first mounted troops to be organized in this country were four companies of light dragoons in 1792. This was later reduced to two companies and then under the act of 1798 increased to a regiment of eight companies. But this was short lived, for it was reduced again to two companies in 1800 which were mustered out in 1802. Another regiment of light dragoons was organized in 1808, and in 1812 a second regiment was organized. In 1814 these two regiments were consolidated into one, and in 1815 the men and officers retained were merged with the artillery. The cavalry ceased to exist until the First Dragoons was organized in 1833. At this time a system of promotion was established whereby officers could expect to remain permanently in the service and gain increased rank with the passing years. To augment the force being assembled in Florida to fight the Seminole Indians, the Second Dragoons was organized in 1836. Following is an extract from the act of Congress raising the new regiment: An Act authorizing the President of the United States to accept the services of volunteers, and to raise an additional regiment of dragoons or mounted riflemen…. Sec. 6 And be it further enacted, That there shall be raised and organized, under the direction of the President of the United States, one additional regiment of dragoons or mounted riflemen, to be composed of the same number and rank of the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians, and privates composing the regiment of dragoons now in the service of the United States, who shall receive the same pay and allowances, be subject to the same rules and regulations, and be engaged for the like term and upon the same conditions, in all respects whatsoever, as are stipulated for the said regiment of dragoons now in the service. Sec. 7 And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States may disband the said regiment, whenever, in his opinion, the public interest no longer requires their service; and the sum of $300,000, required to carry into effect the provisions of this act, is hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated…. Approved May 23, 1836. Officers were appointed and later assigned to companies as follows: Colonel David E. TWIGGS Lieutenant Colonel Wharton RECTOR Major William S. HARNEY Major Thomas T. FAUNTLEROY First Lieutenant Lloyd J. BEALL, Adjutant Co. A – Captain William GORDON; First Lieutenant Thornton GRIMSLEY; Second Lieutenant William H. WARD Co. B – Captain John DOUGHERTY; First Lieutenant Horatio GROOMS; Second Lieutenant Croghan KER Co. C – Captain John F. LANE; First Lieutenant John GRAHAM; Second Lieutenant Zebulon M. P. MAURY Co. D – Captain James A. ASHBY; First Lieutenant Charles SPALDING; Second Lieutenant Seth THORNTON Co. E – Captain Jonathan L. BEAN; First Lieutenant James W. HAMILTON; Second Lieutenant William GILPIN Co. F – Captain Samuel H. ANDERSON; First Lieutenant Marshal S. HOWE; Second Lieutenant John...

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Posted by on 01:14 in Seminole War 1836-1842 | 0 comments

From: ONE HUNDRED YEARS WITH THE SECOND CAVALRY By Joseph I. Lambert, Major, Second Cavalry Copyright 1939 Commanding Officer, Second Cavalry, Fort Riley, Kansas Capper Printing Company, Inc. Even before the arrival of the Regiment for its first assignment, the men who became Company D had their first encounter near Micanopy, Florida on 10 June 1836. They drew “first blood” as members of the Regiment in July 1836 in a spirited engagement at Welika Pond, near Fort Defiance, Florida, on 19 July 1836. In December 1836, the first four Company’s sailed from New York to Charleston, South Carolina, for immediate service in Florida. Company I joined them in Charleston, and Harney took command. The Regiment arrived at the mouth of the St. John’s River, Florida, in January 1837 and marched to Fort Mellon on Lake Monroe, arriving on 6 February. This post fell under attack only two days later, embroiling the Company’s almost immediately in the war. On 9 September 1837, three Company’s of the Second Dragoons and two of Florida volunteers surrounded an Indian village. At first light, the force captured the village, including the important chief, King Phillip. This action represented a shift in tactics. Garrisons had previously waited in forts and responded when attacked, only to find that the Seminoles had melted back into the Florida Everglades. Though some experts doubted the wisdom of employing mounted troops in that terrain, the Second Dragoons pioneered the practice of taking the battle to the enemy. The Indians responded by signing what would be a short-lived peace treaty. Chiefs Coacoochee and Osceola, however, did not sign the document and persuaded the rest of the members to return to the Everglades and continue the fight. This pattern of warfare would be repeated so often that a poet wrote: “And yet – tis not an endless war, As facts will plainly show, Having been ended forty times, In twenty months or so.” Harney would go to any length to defeat the enemy. In March 1838, the Regiment took delivery from Samuel Colt of 50 Patterson Patent revolving carbines. Legend has it that Harney purchased these weapons with his own money. Fifty selected troopers were equipped with this new carbine and formed a Regimental corps of sharpshooters. Some say that the sharpshooters were so successful that Harney bought 50 more carbines in 1839. Thus, the Regiment earned its reputation both for daring new tactics and the use of new technology. The Regiment earned one red and black battle streamer for its participation in the Seminole...

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Posted by on 12:16 in Seminole War 1836-1842 | 4 comments

From: ONE HUNDRED YEARS WITH THE SECOND CAVALRY By Joseph I. Lambert, Major, Second Cavalry Copyright 1939 Commanding Officer, Second Cavalry, Fort Riley, Kansas Capper Printing Company, Inc. The first baptism of fire for the regiment occurred at Micanopy, Florida, on June 10, 1836. Company D, under Lieutenant Wheelock, First Dragoons, was stationed at the stockade at this place as a part of the garrison under Major Heiliman, Second Artillery. About 200 Seminole Indians led by Osceola attacked early in the morning, hoping to draw out the troops and then capture the stockade. Lieutenant Wheelock mounted his dragoons and enveloped the enemy right, while one of the companies of artillery moved around the enemy left. Meanwhile another detachment of the Second Artillery held the front with a six-pounder. After severe fighting the enemy was driven away and the troops returned to the stockade. For great courage in their first fight the men were commended by the President. Micanopy, June 10, 1836. GENERAL-“I have the honor to report that yesterday morning a party of Indians, estimated at one hundred and fifty or two hundred, made their appearance in front of this place, at the distance of about three-quarters of a mile. Their objective was evidently to draw us out; and not having any disposition to balk their views, I directed Captain Lee to take his company and skirt a hammock on the right of this post, and gain the left of the enemy. At the same time I directed Lieutenant Wheelock to mount with his dragoons, and make a corresponding movement on the left; and Lieutenant Humphreys, with a detachment of D and E Companies of Second United States Artillery, to move across the field in front, holding a six-pounder, with a few men in reserve. The promptitude with which my orders were complied with, brought the three detachments immediately in contact with the enemy. Seeing the heavy fire of the enemy, I became at once satisfied they were treble our numbers, and immediately moved forward with the six-pounder. The horses being well broke, I was obliged to cast loose the prolonge. I had hardly done this, and while waiting a flank movement of Lieutenant Wheelock to unmask the six-pounder, when I received a message that the Indians were coming on the rear of this place. Having left a few teamsters and citizens in charge of the work, I deemed it proper to move back with the gun, and gave the directions accordingly. Taking myself a shorter route across the field, I arrived a few minutes before the gun; and finding the report to be untrue, I directed Lieutenant Talcott, 3d Artillery, to return to the field at full speed, while, with a few men, I reconnoitered the rear of our position. After an hour and twenty minutes’ hard fighting under a broiling sun, our troops returned, having driven the Indians two miles into their strongholds. The gallantry and good conduct of both officers and men is beyond all commendation I am able to bestow; and it is with deep regret I report Captain Lee, 3d Artillery, severely, but not dangerously wounded (he received two wounds; one from a rifle ball, and the other from a musket). He was shot early in the action, but directed his men to push...

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Posted by on 12:12 in Seminole War 1836-1842 | 0 comments

From: ONE HUNDRED YEARS WITH THE SECOND CAVALRY By Joseph I. Lambert, Major, Second Cavalry Copyright 1939 Commanding Officer, Second Cavalry, Fort Riley, Kansas Capper Printing Company, Inc. Again on July 19, 1836, Company D, under Captain James A. Ashby, who had just joined the day before, took an important part in the fight at Welika Pond near Fort Defiance. With twenty-six men from his company and a detachment of artillery, Captain Ashby was escorting a train from Fort Drane to Fort Defiance when attacked by Indians just outside the latter place. In the first part of the fight Captain Ashby was severely wounded but refused to leave his post until the battle was won. After arrival of reinforcements from the fort, the Seminoles were driven from the vicinity and the train proceeded to the post. For this gallant conduct here Captain Ashby was breveted to major. Fort Defiance, Micanopy, July 19, 1836. SIR: In obedience to your instructions to evacuate the post at Fort Drane if the commanding officer, in exercising a sound discretion, should deem it necessary, I have the honor to report that the commanding officer, Captain Merchant, of the Second Regiment of Artillery, in consequence of the large and increasing sick report, determined to remove the troops to this place. The movement commenced this day at eight o’clock, consisting of twenty-two wagons loaded with commissary and quartermaster’s stores, with an escort of a detachment of twenty-six dragoons of the Second Regiment, under Captain Ashby, and thirty-six men detailed from the different artillery companies at the post; also a five-and-a-half-inch howitzer, under the charge of Lieutenant Whitby, Second Artillery, making a force of sixty-two men. On our arrival at the Welika Pond, within one mile of this place, the discharge of several rifles apprised us of the presence of the enemy. Captain Ashby immediately went with his dragoons in that direction from which the firing was delivered and scoured the neighboring hummocks, without finding the enemy. It is proper to state here that in the first fire Private Holmes (since dead) of the Dragoons was dangerously wounded in the abdomen. Proceeding on our route, opposite a long hummock, within a quarter of a mile of Micanopy, we were attacked by a body of Indians estimated, from what we saw of them and from their firing, to be about two hundred and fifty strong. The firing commenced near the front and on the right of the train, and was continued through its whole length, a quarter of a mile. The men returned the fire with spirit and promptness. During the engagement Captain Ashby (who, I regret to say, was soon after the commencement of it severely wounded, but refused to leave the field until loss of blood compelled him) finding the enemy in great strength and pressing on us, despatched a dragoon to this place for a reinforcement. On his way he met two detachments under Lieutenants Temple and Talcott, thirty-one strong, on their march to assist us. They arrived at an important moment and did us a good service. Lieutenant Temple reached us, having scoured on his approach a point of hummock from which the enemy had very much annoyed us. As soon as Lieutenant Temple and his command had taken their position in the line,...

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